WordPress Lesson 5 Family members -Age-Verb Avoir in full and Possessive Adjectives

Lesson 5

Verb Avoir to have
Telling one’s age
Focus on family members
Possessive adjectives for my, your, his , her, its

Today we will concentrate on the verb Avoir
J’ai=I have
Tu as =You have
Il a =He has
Elle a =She has
On a =One has
Nous avons =We have
Vous avez=You have
Ils ont=They have (m)
Elles ont= They have(f)

The father=Le père
The mother=La mère

The step-father/father-in-law=Le beau-père
The step-mother/mother-in-law=La belle-mère

The sister=La soeur
The brother=Le frère

The sister–in-law=La belle-soeur
The brother-in-law=Le beau-frère

Son-in-law=Le gendre
Daughter-in-law=La bru

The step-son=Le beau-fils
The step-daughter=la belle-fille

The step-brother=Le demi-frère
The step-sister=La demi-soeur

The grandmother=La grand-mère
The grand-father=Le grand-père

The cousin(m)=Le cousin
The cousin (f)=La cousine

The uncle=L’oncle
The aunt=La tante

I have a cousin=J’ai un cousin
He has an uncle=Il a un oncle
My cousin has an uncle=Mon cousin a un oncle
They (m)have brothers=Ils ont des frères
My cousins have brothers=Mes cousins ont des frères

Let us see how possessive adjectives were being used.
Let us remind ouselves of how we used Mon, Ma and Mes:

Mon stands in front of a masculine singular noun to mean ‘my’
My son=Mon fils
My daughter=Ma fille

My sons and daughters=Mes fils et mes filles

Likewise, Ton, Ta and Tes mean ‘your’
Ton gendre=Your son-in-law
Ta bru=Your daughter-in-law

Tes fils et tes filles=Your sons and daughters

The difficulty lies with Son, Sa, and Ses.
Many people tend to get mixed up when using possessives in the third person. Yet, You must think of Son as meaning His or Her in front of a masculine noun
Sa as meaning His or Her in front of a feminine noun
And Ses as meaning His or Her in front of a plural noun

Son oncle=His or her uncle
Sa tante=His or her aunt
Ses tantes=His or her aunts
Ses oncles=His or her uncles

Son or Sa also expresses Its
The cat is in its bed
Le chat est dans son lit.

Let’s go back to the verb ‘Avoir ‘To have.
How would you say?

I have 2 grandmothers
We have 5 uncles
Angèle has one sister

J’ai deux grandes-meres
Nous avons cinq oncles
Angèle a une soeur

Now the verb’Avoir’ is also used to express age.

To say ‘I am 4 years old’, one literally says I have 4 years’= J’ai quatre ans
How would you say?

I am 15 years old
She is 20 years old
My cousin is 19 years old today!

Did you manage to say?

J’ai quinze ans
Elle a vingt ans
Mon cousin a dix-neuf ans aujourd’hui!



About angeleannandrews

I am Anglo Maltese and live in Surrey with my husband and son. I have been teaching languages for almost 30 years. Having been trained in Anthropology, I have social issues at heart. When I was nearing 50, I wished to use my talents to make money for charity. I have created 50 photo-poems which will be featuring on this site. If you wish to encourage my effort, please give a small donation to ShelterBox http://www.justgiving.com/user/23773460 after reading my poems. Many people are out there actually tackling the world's problems. We may not be able to join them but every little helps.Thanks a million! Angie
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