Lesson for Year 10 Holidays and Past tense

I hope you have been enjoying my lessons.
Are you a teacher? Here is a lesson for you to give a French Year 10 group
on the topic of Holidays and Past tense based on the topics we have discussed
Angèle Andrews
http://www.languagechoices.com

Year 10

Les vacances and past tense revision:
By the end of the lesson today you will have learnt some holiday phrases and revised the Perfect Tense or Passé Composé.
But first do you remember how to form the regular PERFECT tense in French?

Writing and grammar:
Perfect Tense with AVOIR
SUBJECT +AVOIR+ PAST PARTICIPLE
Eg.J’ai porté les bagages=I carried the suitcases.

Here, the past participle does not change according to the subject ie. whether a male or female carried the luggage, the past participle ‘carried’ remains the same.

The man carried the luggage
The lady carried the luggage
L’homme a porté les bagages
La dame a porté les bagages.

Vocabulary:
Les bagages=the luggage
La valise=The suitcase
Le chauffeur=The driver
La jeune fille=The young girl

EXERCISE 1:
Translate:
The young girl carried the suitcase
The driver carried the luggage.

Regular Past Participles:
ER verbs take E (é)
IR verbs take I (i)
RE verbs take U (u)

More vocabulary:
Le car=the coach
Le palais=the palace
Visiter=To visit
Attendre=To wait
Choisir=To choose

EXERCISE 2

Translate into English
J’ai visité le palais
Il a choisi un hamburger
Ils ont attendu le car
Reading:It’s holiday time!

French song: ‘C’est les vacances’ by Ilona Mitrecey :
http://musique.ados.fr/Ilona-Mitrecey/C-Est-Les-Vacances-t2089.html

C’est les vacances, nous partons en voyage
Deux heures d’avance et beaucoup de bagages
Le coeur qui bat, les sandwichs en plastique
L’été est là, c’est vraiment fantastique
Une voix nous dit “En voiture”, nous partons vers l’aventure

Ca y est, cette fois, notre train est parti
La joie, le vent, direction l’Italie
La nuit j’attends avant de m’endormir
Le nombre des villes, les arbres qui défilent
C’est bien mieux que la voiture pour partir à l’aventure

C’est les vacances, c’est les vacances en Italie
C’est les vacances, pizzas, klaxons et spaghetti
C’est les vacances, c’est les vacances en Italie
C’est les vacances, antipasti tutti quanti…

EXERCISE 3
Read the first part of the song ‘C’est les vacances’. 5 words in the following list have not been mentioned in the song:

Holiday-time
On a trip
Two hours
Sandwiches
The train station
By car
An adventure
The train
Wind
Village
Ice-creams
A week
In Italy
Sun

EXERCISE 4
What do the following words mean?

La gare
Le soleil
Les villages
Les glaces
Une semaine

Find the expression ‘Our train has left’ in the song.

EXERCISE 5

Speaking:

Read the notes to find out how to say:
Where did you go to on holiday?

Notes :
Where? = où
To go=aller
This year=Cette année
You went= Tu es allé (allée for females)
Did you go= Es-tu allée?(f.)

Grammar aid:
Remember that to conjugate ‘aller in the past, you need to use the verb
Etre as an auxiliary (helping)verb.
Verbs taking Etre in the past agree in subject and number. That means that we add an ‘e’ if the subject is feminine and an ‘s’ if the subject is plural.
‘es’ for feminine plural.
If you want to say that he went, you say Il est allé
but she went would be elle est allée . If they went, you would say
Ils sont allés unless you were referring to a group of females, in which case you would say ‘Elles sont allées’.

It’s easy:
Il est parti
Elle est partie
ils sont partis
Elles sont parties

More notes:
Je suis allé/e =I went
Vous êtes allé/e/s= You went
mes vacances=my holidays
vos vacances=your holidays

So what does this phrase mean?
Vous êtes allé/e où pour vos vacances ?
See whether your partner can answer you when you ask:
Vous êtes allée où pour vos vacances?

Now try and give an answer. Where did you go to on holiday or did you stay in England this year (cette année)?

Remember that feminine nouns of countries take ‘en’ eg.
En Allemagne / En Espagne / En France / En Italie / En Tunisie
Masculine nouns take ‘au’ eg. Au pays de Galles (In/to Wales) / Au Portugal
Masc. Plural nouns take ‘aux’ eg. Aux Etats-Unis (In/to the United States)
and small countries take ‘ à ‘ eg. À Malte (In / to Malta)

Extension:
Some of you will remember the French past tense from other studies you may have done. Quiz yourselves:
If J’attends means I wait, how would you say ‘I waited’ and ‘ I was waiting’?

One step further would be to try to say this in the immediate future tense:
I am going to wait. Try and say that before checking the answers. By the way,
Don’t translate ‘for’ in French in the phrase ‘to wait for’ (attendre)
Translate: I am going to wait for the taxi.

3)If ‘trop de bagages’ is ‘too much luggage’ what is ‘beaucoup de bagages’?

4) Fill in the blanks: ‘C’est les vacances ‘ by Llona Mitrecey

C’est les vacances, nous partons – ——
—- —— d’avance et beaucoup de bagages
Le coeur qui bat, — ——– en plastique
– — est là, c’est vraiment fantastique
Une voix nous dit “– ——-“, nous partons —- – ——–

Ca y est, cette fois, —– —— — —–
La joie, le vent, direction ——–
La nuit j’attends avant de m’endormir
Le nombre des ——, les arbres qui défilent
C’est bien mieux que la voiture pour partir à l’——–

‘C’est les vacances’ http://musique.ados.fr/Ilona-Mitrecey/C-Est-Les-Vacances-t2089.html

http://www.languagechoices.com/resources.htm

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About angeleannandrews

I am Anglo Maltese and live in Surrey with my husband and son. I have been teaching languages for almost 30 years. Having been trained in Anthropology, I have social issues at heart. When I was nearing 50, I wished to use my talents to make money for charity. I have created 50 photo-poems which will be featuring on this site. If you wish to encourage my effort, please give a small donation to ShelterBox http://www.justgiving.com/user/23773460 after reading my poems. Many people are out there actually tackling the world's problems. We may not be able to join them but every little helps.Thanks a million! Angie
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